Battle of Arica--Francisco Bolognesi

The glory of Colonel Francisco Bolognesi Cervantes shines forever as an example of sacrifice, honour and heroism.

November 1879. Chile has invaded Peru*. On November the 27th the Peruvian army, under the command of Colonels Andrés A. Cáceres and Francisco Bolognesi, fighting an eight-hour uphill battle, has defeated the Chilean robbers in Tarapacá but this is the victory of a retreating army. The Peruvian army, very tired from a strenuous march across the desert, engaged the Chilean terrorists in Tarapacá just with rifles--they had neither cavalry nor artillery. Once the vanquished Chilean thieves ran away, Peruvian soldiers managed to bury the Krupp guns the fleeing foe had left over--they had to bury the guns because they didn’t have any horses to tow that seized artillery.

“I have a sacred duty to fulfill and I shall fulfill it until I fire the last round”.

Chilean diplomats--dignified mob

Chilean soldiers burning a house after looting, Lima, 1881


Every country in the world has men and women who represent their countries’ interests abroad. At times of peace or war a diplomat works for his/her country, issuing visas, opening the way for more commerce, getting and passing on information that is useful to his/her country.

Chilean robbers to beef up their Air Force

Peruvian MP Luis Gonzales Posada blows the whistle

As Chile is about to strike a deal to purchase another batch of American-made F-16 fighter-bombers, Peruvian former Foreign Minister Luis Gonzales Posada says it is time to denounce the Chilean arms build-up in international fora.

The unequal 1879-1883 war that Chile unleashed against Bolivia and Peru was aimed at seizing lands of two impoverished, ill-armed countries.

To uninformed people, especially those who are not Peruvians or Bolivians, Chilean propaganda attempts to present Chile as a country that in 1879 invaded Bolivia and next Peru in an act of self-defence. Chileans have come to the realisation that they cannot deny that they attacked Bolivia and Peru in order to seize its neighbours’ territories. They cannot hide the fact that they had in advance purchased state-of-the-art weaponry, well beyond their normal defence needs.

Battalions of Chilean plunderers and murderers. Lima, 1881.

Maritime delimitation Peru-Chile

How to stop further Chilean robbery

At the end of the War of the Pacific (1879-1883), the vanquished countries, Bolivia and Peru were coerced, under Chilean military occupation, into signing peace treaties thereby they relinquished sovereignty of coastal provinces to Chile1.

Peru-Chile border

Theft-oriented Chile declares war on Peru on April the 5th, 1879

Four-year long war--robbery, murder, terrorism in the process. Territorial mutilation

Chilean soldiers looting in Lima, 1881.
Today 130 years ago Chile declared war on Peru. This way Chile, America’s fratricidal country, seized Peru’s Tarapacá and Arica (see map). In order to achieve this goal Chile waged a murderous and destructive war, which began in 1879 and ended in 1883. In this war the invading Chilean military indulged in very serious crimes such as robbery, massive plunder, extensive murder and terrorism.